Popular Ideas about Second (Foreign) Language Learning (LIghtbrown & Spada, 1999)

1. Languages are learned mainly through imitation.

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2. Parents usually correct young children when they make grammatical errors.

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3. People with high IQs are good language learners.

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4. The most important facto in second language acquisition success is motivation.

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5. The earlier a second language is introduced in school programs, the greater the likelihood of success in learning.

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6. Most of the mistakes that second language learners make are due to interference from their first language.

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7. Teachers should present grammatical rules one at a time, and learners should practice examples of each one before going on to another.

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8. Teachers should teach simple language structures before complex ones.

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9. Learners' errors should be corrected as soon as they are  made in order to prevent the formation of bad habits.

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10. Teachers should use materials that expose students to only those language structures which they have already been taught.

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11. When learners are allowed to interact freely (for example, in group or pair activities), they learn each othersf mistakes.

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12. Students learn what they are taught.

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