テーマ: 旅(たび)‘Journey/Travel’

トピック2: 日本でできること
‘Things to do in Japan”


Utilizing your background knowledge
              What kind of activities do you think you can enjoy doing in Japan? Do you know anything about these activities? Can you find similar activities in the U.S. (or in other countries)? Form a small group and discuss these topics.

Warm-up Questions ウォーミングアップ

              If you were to have the opportunity to visit Japan, what kind of places would you like to visit? If your interests are as described below, where exactly do you think you should you go? Do some research on the web concerning this and print out a web page for at least 3 of the activities listed below and bring them to class. Then tell your classmates in Japanese what you have discovered.
                          8.陶芸(とうげい)'pottery' をやって(=して)みたかったら、
                          9.歌舞伎(かぶき)や芝居(しばい) 'theatrical play' を見たかったら、
                          10. 野球(やきゅう)やサッカーのスポーツを見たかったら、

              Where would you suggest a person described in 1-6 below take a trip? Suggest a couple of places for each person, with a brief description of each location.



Step 1: Utilizing your background knowledge & doing some research 既存知識活用と不足情報収集        
              Read articles either in English, Japanese, or any other language that you are comfortable on the topic of lodging accommodations in Japan, such as the ryokan, youth-hostel, capsule hotel, weekly-mansion, etc., and discuss with classmates what you discovered.
              Then compare and contrast them with accommodations available where you reside at present (or your hometown).
              Useful website: http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/map/index_map.html
Step 2: Comparing, contrasting, and making decisions宿泊施設を比べて1つ選ぼう。
              Discuss with your classmates the benefits of different types of accommodations (e.g., hotel, ryokan). Then, decide upon what type of accommodation you would prefer if you were to go to Japan. Discuss what type of information you would need to obtain before making a reservation.
Step 3: Making a hotel reservation on the phone 電話予約をする。
            Suppose you want to make a reservation at a Japanese-style inn, "あたみ旅館." Call あたみ旅館 and ask if they have 露天風呂(ろてんぶろan 'open-air hot spring,' and also ask if a Western-style ocean-view room(海の 見える部屋) is available. Then make your reservation.

              Reference: p. 67 inようこそ!- Continuing with Contemporary Japanese

              Useful Website: Yookoso Japan!  http://www.vjc.jp/


Step 1: Researching & evaluating information 情報収集して正確さを吟味  
              Do some research on the internet by accessing Japan travel sites. Identify some of the activities that you can do in Japan  (e.g., excursion, shopping, sports, attending cultural events, concerts, etc.) in order  to enhance your understanding about Japanese culture and Japanese people. Do you already possess knowledge of the social/cultural/historical significance related to some of these activities? Can you find similar activities in the U.S? Share your thoughts and opinions.

              Access Japan travel sites. What are some of the activities that seem to be very popular among the Japanese (or tourists)? Which ones are very unique to Japanese culture? Are there any activities that you can also enjoy in the U.S. (or in other countries)?

Step 2: Connecting back to the previous topic
              Looking back to the previous section on Nature, can you identify some of the activities from above that are  related to the appreciation of nature?

Step 3: Listening + comprehension check リスニングと内容理解度チェック
            Listen to a conversation between friends in Japanese regarding their summer plans and fill in the table below with as much information as you can grasp from the conversation.

What did each say about the following?



summer plans












place(s) to stay



Step 4: Interview インタビュー
              Interview someone orally or via email on the following points as much as possible in Japanese:
            - What are some of the activities that your friend found interesting during his/her trip in Japan(can be either a Japanese or non-Japanese friend)?
            - What did he/she think about the activities? What is some of the social/cultural/historical significance related to these activities (if any)?
             - What was his/her schedule? Budget? Where did he/she stay?
            - His/her next trip plan
            - Other related questions

Step 5: Presenting the findings
            Summarize the findings and report them in class.

Step 6: Writing a short essay 考えをまとめて書く
              Pick one activity that you can enjoy in Japan to enhance your understanding about Japanese culture and Japanese people and do research on it. Write several paragraphs about the activity and its social/cultural/historical significance. What can you say about Japanese culture and/or Japanese people after        examining this activity?

              Useful Vocabulary:
              名所(めいしょ)…famous sightseeing spot(s)      返品(へんぴん)…return an item of merchandise
              考える(かんがえる)…to think                        現金(げんきん)…cash


Step 1: Utilizing your background knowledge & doing some research 既存知識活用と不足情報収集
              Answer the following questions. Do some research if necessary.
              1. 東京の買い物スポットで若者に人気がある場所はどこでしょうか。
              2. 東京の有名デパートの名前をいくつか知っていますか。
              3. アメリカにも日本にもあるファストフードのチェーン店の名前をいくつか知っていますか。
              4. 日本のスターバックスのコーヒーのサイズがアメリカのと違うと知っていますか。スターバックス

Step 2: Reading an e-mail message
              The following e-mail message was written by an American student (Ms. Miller), who is presently visiting Japan, about her experiences in Tokyo. The e-mail is addressed to her classmate (Ms. Tanaka), who lives in Los Angeles. Read the message and answer the questions below.


Step 3: Completing the passage 穴埋め問題       
              For #1 - #10, choose the expressions that BEST fit the blanks.
                     1. A. 食べてみて B. 食べたし       C. 食べたら     D. 食べると
                       2 A. したかった    B. したい      C. ほしかった    D. ほしがっていた
                       3. A. みたら       B. みました    C. 来ました     D. しまいました
                       4. A. 買う    B. 買って     C. 買います     D. 買った
                       5. A. こと      B. ほう       C. の        D. nothing
                       6. A. と       B. に        C. て         D. nothing
                       7. A. いたら     B. いながら     C. はいけない    D. いなければ
                        8. A. みました    B. 行きました    C. しまいました   D. と思いました
                       9. A. 来たら     B. 来たことがある C. 来ながら       D. 来るかどうか
                   10. A. つもりです B. そうです     C. と思います      D. と言います

Step 4: Comprehension check #3 内容理解度チェック#3

              For #11 - #20, choose the BEST answer for each question.

        11. Ms. Miller wrote Tanaka that she did various things in Tokyo except:
            A. visit famous places       B. go to karaoke
            C. go to a hot spring         D. eat at Japanese restaurants

        12. Ms. Miller wrote that because there are so many shops, Shinjuku is a place where:
            A. you can easily get lost   B. you wonder which shop to visit
            C. you need a guidebook    D. you can bargain down the price

        13. Ms. Miller wrote that she bought 2 shirts because:
            A. white and red were her favorite colors            B. they were on sale
            C. the salesperson strongly recommended them   D. she had extra money to spend

        14. Ms. Miller’s host mother advised Ms. Miller that she should:
            A. buy the watch right away              B. return the watch if she doesn’t like it
            C. think before she buys the watch     D. ask for a discount before she pays for the watch

        15. Ms. Miller wrote in her message that she has decided to carry the following with her from now on:
            A. some cash                   B. some cash AND some credit cards
            C. several credit cards         D. traveler’s checks

        16. Ms. Miller was surprised when she bought coffee at the Starbucks in Japan because:
            A. they had the exact same menu as the U.S.
            B. their coffee tasted better than that of the U.S.
            C. their service was much faster than that of the U.S.
            D. the size of the coffee was much smaller than she had expected

        17. Ms. Miller likes:    
            A. Starbucks in Japan more than Starbucks in the U.S.
            B. Starbucks in the U.S. more than Starbucks in Japan
            C. American-size food portions more than the Japanese sized ones
            D. Japanese-size food portions more than the American sized ones

        18. Ms. Miller informed Ms. Tanaka that, while in Tokyo, she:
            A. takes trains to go everywhere         B. often takes a taxi
            C. does not drive at all                     D. walks a lot

        19. Ms. Miller's host mother prefers, when getting around in Tokyo, to:
            A. drive a car                    B. take a taxi
            C. take a train                  D. take a bus

        20. Based on Ms. Miller’s message, her overall impression of Shinjuku is that:
            A. it is lively and fun        B. people are very nice
            C. it is hard to get around   D. things are expensive

Step 5: Summarizing each paragraph 段落ごとにまとめる。
              There are seven paragraphs in this passage. Summarize each paragraph with 3 sentences.
              Compare your summary with the ones of your classmates.

              Useful Vocabulary:
                             試食(ししょく)…sample tasting        返品(へんぴん)…return an item of merchandise

Step 1: Utilizing your background knowledge & doing some research 既存知識活用と不足情報収集
              Answer the following questions. Do some research if necessary.
              1. 東京の「銀座」という町の名前を聞いたことがありますか。そこは、どんなことで有名ですか。         
       2. 「三越デパート」という名前を聞いたことがありますか。そこは、どんなことで有名ですか。
              3. 日本のデパートの地下は、何の売り場か知っていますか。        
              4. 「ハロッズ」というイギリスのデパートを知っていますか。そこは、どんなことで有名ですか。

Step 2: Listening リスニング
            Listen to a monologue about a Japanese department store called “Mitsukoshi.”

Step 3: Comprehension check 内容理解度チェック
              Based on the passage you just heard, choose the most appropriate answer for the questions below.
              The script is provided for your reference. Review the script after you finish the quiz.

       1. Ginza is a town located:
            A in a suburban area of Tokyo           B. in central Tokyo
            C. west of Tokyo                            D. 5 kilometers from Tokyo Bay

       2. The speaker states that Mitsukoshi sells:
            A. food only                                   B. imported goods only
            C. household goods only                  D. almost anything

        23. From the context, it can be best said that the speaker thinks that Mitsukoshi is:
            A. beautifully decorated                    B. popular among children
            C. a convenient place to shop            D. internationally well-known

        24. Echigo-ya is:
            A. the former name of Mitsukoshi      B. a nickname for Mitsukoshi
            C. a subsidiary of Mitsukoshi            D. a rival of Mitsukoshi

        25. In 1900, Echigo-ya stopped its "kimono only" business because:
            A. there was no profit generated from just selling kimono
            B. there were not enough skilled kimono makers
            C. Japan was trying to incorporate more Western culture into its society
            D. Japan was experiencing a shortage in kimono fabric

        26. Mitsukoshi was established in by Hibi Osuke in:
            A. 1804           B. 1900    C. 1904  D. 1905

        27. The speaker states that Hibi Osuke went to the U.S. and England because he wanted to:
            A. learn English                              B. learn about Western-style department stores
            C. sell Japanese products there           D. find business partners there

        28. The speaker says that Hibi Osuke was the first owner in Japan to:
            A. hire foreigners              B. export kimono
            C. sell American coffee      D. build escalators

        29. According to the speaker, about 100 years ago:
            A. many Japanese did not know about Mitsukoshi  B. many Japanese wanted to shop at Mitsukoshi
            C. only foreigners wanted to shop at Mitsukoshi    D. only VIPs were allowed to shop at Mitsukoshi

        30. The speaker states that he thinks that Mitsukoshi will:
            A. become a more specialized store                       B. become a place where people can enjoy themselves
            C. continue to do their business for another 100 years D. add an export line


       (Listening Script)
 みなさんは、よく買い物に行きますか。買い物に行く時、どんな所に行きますか。ロサンゼルスには、ビバリーヒルズやサウスコーストプラザや、買い物ができるところがたくさんありますね。東京には「銀座」という町があります。銀座は東京の中心にあります。この町の名前を聞いたことがありますか? 有名な町なので、聞いた事があるかもしれませんね。デパートがたくさんある所です。銀座には、5軒の大きいデパートがありますが、今日は、その中でも、「三越」というデパートの事を話したいと思います。
 三越デパートはとても大きいデパートで、全部で10階あります。一つのビルの中で、ほとんど何でも売っています。家にある物はもちろん何でもありますし、それに、食品も売っています。肉や魚やパンもあって、試食もいろいろできます。試食をしてから、好きな食品が買えるんです。デパートで食品を売っているというのは、アメリカのデパートではないですね。三越デパートでは何でも買えるから、便利だと思いませんか? でも、今は何でも売っているんですが、前は、着物しか売っていなかったそうです。そうです、三越は着物のお店だったんです。

Step 4: Summary 日本語でまとめて書く                       リンク; 書く時に役立つ表現



              Useful Vocabulary:
                             観戦(かんせん)…watch a game/match               体験(たいけん)…experience
                             トーナメント…tournament                                 力士(りきし)… sumo wrestlers
                             おどろく…to be surprised                                   モンゴル…Mongol
                             ブルガリア…Bulgaria                                         世界(せかい)…world
                             国際的(こくさいてき)…international セレモニー…ceremony
                             米(こめ)…rice                                              とれる…harvest
                             祈り(いのり)…prayer                                    シンボリズム…symbolism
                             土俵(どひょう)…wrestling ring                      まく…sprinkle
                             けが…injury                                                     ランク…rank
                             続けて(つづけて)…consecutively, continuously 成績(せいせき)…grade, score, record
                             引退(いんたい)する…to retire

Step 1: Utilizing your background knowledge & doing some research 既存知識活用と不足情報収集
              Answer the following questions. Do some research if necessary.
              1. あなたは、日本の相撲(すもう)を見たことがありますか。どう思いましたか。
              2. 相撲のルールを知っていますか。知らなかったら調べてみましょう。
              3. 相撲とレスリング(wrestling)の大きい違いはなんですか。
              4. 力士になるためには、どうしたらいいか知っていますか。

Step 2: Reading a passage
              Read the following report on Sumo by Ken Smith who is now learning Japanese at a university somewhere in California.

 今年の10月7日から3日間、ラスベガスで日本の相撲(すもう)トーナメントがあった。相撲(すもう) は今までにテレビでしか見たことがなかったし、日本語のクラスで相撲(すもう)の本を読んでいたところだったので、とてもいいチャンスだと思い、行くことにした。
  ラスベガスに、日本から42人の相撲力士(すもうりきし)が来ていた。その力士(りきし)の中には、日本で今一番強い「朝青龍(あさしょうりゅう)」という力士(りきし)もいた。朝青龍(あさしょうりゅう)はあまり大きい体(からだ)じゃないのに、今チャンピオンのタイトルを持っている。一番おどろいたことは、朝青龍(あさしょうりゅう)はモンゴルの出身なのに、日本語をとても上手に話せるということだ。他にも、アメリカや韓国(かんこく)やブルガリア出身の力士(りきし)もいて、今、11の国から61人の外国人力士(りきし)が日本の相撲(すもう)の世界(せかい)にいるそうだ。そのことを知(し)って、相撲(すもう)はとても国際的(こくさいてき)なスポーツになってきたと思った。相撲 (すもう)が、アメリカのエンターテイメントの町であるラスベガスでしているのもとてもユニークだ。
 しかし、相撲(すもう)の本を読むと、このスポーツは本当に日本のスポーツだということが分かる。まず、相撲(すもう)は1500年前に神社でする一つのセレモニーから始まった。1500年前はスポーツではなくて、米(こめ)がたくさんとれるためのをお祈(いの)りするものだったのだ。今でも祈   (いの)りのシンボリズムを土俵(どひょう)で見ることができる。まず、土俵(どひょう)の上には屋根があるが、それは神社の屋根と同じだ。そして、力士(りきし)が土俵(どひょう)に入る前、水(みず)を飲む。それは力士(りきし)の体(からだ)の中をきれいにするという意味(いみ)を持っていて、土俵(どひ ょう)に入る時にまく塩(しお)は、土俵(どひょう)をきれいにするためのものである。また、けがをしても、大きなけがにならないためのものでもある。そして、この塩(しお)をまくのは、上のランクの力士(りきし) しかできないことなのだ。
 相撲力士(すもうりきし)の間にはランクがある。一番強い力士(りきし)を、「横綱(よこづな)」といい、2番目に強い力士(りきし)を「大関(おおぜき)」という。横綱(よこづな)になることはとてもむず   かしいことだ。横綱(よこづな)のタイトルができてから300年になるが、まだ62人の力士(りきし)しか横綱(よこづな)になったことがない。横綱(よこづな)になるのには、まず大関(おおぜき)になって、そして2回続(つづ)けてトーナメントのチャンピオンにならなければならない。そして一度横綱(よこづな) になると下のタイトルに下(さ)がることはないが、成績(せいせき)が悪(わる)すぎると、引退 (いんたい)しなければならない。僕が一番知(し)りたかったのは、いくらお金をもらっているかということだ。横綱(よこづな)のランクだと2千8百万円ぐらいで、大関(おおぜき)が2千3百万ぐらいだそうだ。それにトーナメントでチャンピオンになったら、10万円から1千万円のボーナスももらえるそうだ。

Step 3: Comprehension check 内容理解度チェック        
              Mark the following statements as either True (Mark A) or False (Mark B).
            1. Ken writes that he has been wanting to go on a trip that has a particular theme.
            2. Ken went to the sumo wrestling match because he had to write a report about some type of Japanese sport for his Japanese class.
            3. The sumo champion, Asashooryuu, is a wrestler with a large build.
            4. Ken reports that there are more than a dozen foreign-born sumo wrestlers in Japan at present.
            5. Ken thinks that it is unique to hold a sumo tournament in Las Vegas.
            6. According to what Ken wrote, sumo wrestling began in the 16th century at a festival for the Imperial Court.
            7. Based on Ken’s report, it can be generalized that the salt used in sumo wrestling has two functions.
            8. Ken’s report implies that many sumo wrestlers have not been promoted to Yokozuna.
            9. Ken states that a Yokozuna wrestler will be demoted if he has a bad record.
            10. According to Ken, Yokozuna can earn somewhere between 35 million yen to 40 million yen even without getting a bonus.
            11. Ken says he thinks that a Yokozuna’s life is hard despite the fact that he may be earning a lot of money.
            12. Ken is planning to go see the tournament in Tokyo next January, and he is determined to learn even more about sumo by the time he goes.            
Step 4: Summarizing each paragraph  段落ごとにまとめる            
              There are five paragraphs in this passage. Summarize each paragraph with 3 sentences. Compare your summary with the ones of your classmates.



Step 1: Utilizing your background knowledge & doing some research
              1. 日本でお祭りを見たことがありますか。どこで何というお祭りを見ましたか。
              2. 日本のお祭りをテレビやインターネットなどで見たことがありますか。
              3. あなたが知っているお祭りは、何かの宗教(しゅうきょう)’religion’ と関係(かんけい)‘relation’がありますか。

              Useful Vocabulary:
                             国民(こくみん)…people of a nation                    昔(むかし)…the old days
                             平安時代(へいあんじだい)…Heian Period/Era 794-1185
                             貴族(きぞく)…nobility                                 大通り(おおどおり)…big/main street
                             若者(わかもの)… youth                              (お)みこし…portable shrine                                     
                  かつぐ…carry something on one’s shoulder              もともと… original
                             目的(もくてき)…purpose                                  むかえる…to welcome
                             恵み(めぐみ)…blessing                                  ねがう…to request; ask for
                             地域(ちいき)…community                              きずな…bond; tie
                             だんだん…gradually                                      参加(さんか…participation                                                         現代(げんだい)…today, current                 つきあう...to socialize                                             
                 ふきとばす…to blow away

Step 2: Reading a passage 読解
              Read the following passage about festivals.


Step 3: Comprehension check 内容理解度チェック        
                             1. The number of festivals has decreased lately.
                             2. For the Aoi Festival, young people wear the same outfits as that of the nobility of the olden days and carry mikoshi.
                             3. Festivals in the olden days were religious and not fun at all.
                             4. The people who carry mikoshi today can be people outside of the local community.
                             5. Not many people today are interested in festivals.
                             6. People today have plenty of opportunities for spending their leisure time.

                             7. 東京の浅草の「三社祭り」はどんな祭りですか。
                                 A. きれい   B. 元気   C. しずか  D. おかしい 
                            8. 祭りの宗教的(しゅうきょうてき)な意味というのは、どんなことですか。
                                    A. 神のめぐみをもらうこと         B. 神のために、お金をもうけること   
                                           C. おみこしをかつぐこと        D. 神のためにおどること 
                            9. 最近(さいきん) ‘lately’、祭りに参加(さんか)してきたのはだれですか。
                                           A. わかい人                    B. 地域(ちいき)の人   
                                           C. 会社                         D. 神社(じんじゃ)の人 
                            10. 現代人は、何のために祭りに参加するのですか。
                                           A. 地域の人とつきあうため         B. ただ一つの楽しみだから   
                                           C. さびしさをわすれたいから        D. 神に会うため 
                            11. 第2段落をまとめる ‘summarize’と、どれが一番いいですか。
                                           A. 祭りへの参加   B. 祭りの変化 C. 町の人のきずな  D. 祭りの楽しさ 
                            12. 第3段落をまとめると、どれが一番いいですか。
                                           A. 祭りのにぎやかさ             B. 現代人のあそび   
                                           C. 祭りに参加する理由(りゆう)   D. 祭りのにぎやかさ

Step 4: Writing a short essay 考えをまとめて書く
              Choose one topic from the following and write a short essay.
                             A. 「祭りの思い出」ー今までに行ったお祭りで、一番残っている思い出について
                             B. 「祭りの意義(いぎ) ‘significance’と目的」ー昔と今の祭りの目的とその変化について


Step 5: Discussion 考えてみよう! 話し合ってみよう!
            Discuss with your classmates about what kinds of things there are to do in Japan. What are some of the activities connected to culture (events, sports, etc) that you think are peculiar to Japan? Do you know anything about the historical/cultural aspect of those activities? Do you know what Japanese people do when participating in them? What activities would you recommend to friends who are traveling to Japan? Why?

              リンク; 話す時に役立つ表現