Imperial Medicine recasts the surprisingly insular narrative about the history of British medicine and science. The multifaceted career of Patrick Manson--who is known as the 'father' of tropical medicine-- reveals the underlying dialectical relationship between the imperial metropole and periphery in the making of Victorian medicine and science as a domestic institution in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Like other Scottish and English medical graduates before and after him, Manson left Britain in 1866 to launch his career in China. Over the next two decades in western treaty ports in the south, he cultivated a thriving market for western medicine. Soon after returning to Britain in 1890, Manson played a leading role in two important milestones in British medicine and science: the discovery of the transmission of malaria with Ronald Ross in 1898 and the domestication of the study of tropical diseases. Each facet of Manson's career illuminates the role of Britain's imperial project in constituting Victorian medicine and science. Whether as a source of career opportunities for a chronically underemployed profession or a cultural space for the production of British medical-scientific knowledge or an important financial resource for subsidizing metropolitan research, the empire was not simply 'out there' on the fringes of the world.
Since completing Imperial Medicine I have been developing two book length projects in the history of medicine. The first continues my interest in the history of British medicine. It will provide a broad overview of the relationship of British medicine to the British empire from the mid-nineteenth century until the beginning of decolonization in the 1950s and 1960s. The second project, provisionally titled "A Question of Taste," examines the role of the politics of racial subordination in the making of the American Medical Association from its founding in 1847 until 1900. Rather than viewing race as marginal to the history of medicine in the United States, I argue that it was and remains central to the development of American medicine.
» Imperial Medicine: Patrick Manson and the Conquest of Tropical Disease, 1844-1923 (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001).
» 'The Persistence of Privilege: British Medical Qualifications and the Practise of Medicine in he Empire" in Beyond Sovereignty, 1880-1950: Britain, Empire and Transnationalism, edited by Kevin Grant and Philippa Levine and Frank Trentmann (London: Palgrave, 2007).
» 'Victorian Imperialism in the Making of the British Medical Profession: An Argument' in Decentering Empire: Britain, India, and the Transcolonial World, edited by Dane Kennedy and Durba Ghosh (Longman Orient Press 2006)
» 'Policing the Social Boundaries of the American Medical Association, 1847-1870' Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (April 2005).
» 'The Whiteness of Civilization: The Transatlantic Crisis of White Supremacy and British Television Programming in the United States in the 1970s', in Antoinette Burton, editor, After the Imperial Turn: Critical Approaches to 'National' Histories and Literatures (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, Spring 2003).
» 'Still the Heart of Darkness: the Ebola Virus and the Metanarrative of Disease in The Hot Zone', Journal of Medical Humanities, Vol. 23, No. 2, (Summer 2002).
» 'Framing Tropical Disease in London, Patrick Manson, the Filaria Perstans and the Uganda Sleeping Sickness epidemic, 1893-1902,' Journal for the Social History of Medicine, Volume 13, Number 3 (2000).
» 'The Social Production of Metropolitan Expertise in Tropical Diseases: the Imperial State, Colonial Service and the Tropical Diseases Research Fund,' Science, Technology and Society, Volume 4, Number 2, (July-December 1999).
» 'Social Status and Imperial Service: Tropical Medicine and the British Medical Profession in the Nineteenth Century,' in David Arnold, editor, Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900 (Atlanta and Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996).
» 'London and Freetown, 1847,' Special Forum: Beyond Britain, Victorian Review (Spring 2010).
» "Teaching Twentieth Century Black Britain", Radical History Review: Special Issue on Transnational Black Studies, No. 87, (Fall 2003).
» 'British Medicine in the Early Nineteenth Century', in Lise Winer introduction, Warner Arundell (1838), (Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2001).
» 'White Lies: The British Past in Postwar America,' The History Teacher (Fall, 1997).
» George Weisz, Divide and Conquer: A Comparative History of Medical Specialization (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) for Journal of the American Medical Association, (2006), 296:2861
» John Farley, To Cast Out Disease: A History of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation (1913-1951), for the American Historical Review (June, 2005): 764-765.
» Gretchen Holbrook Gerzina, editor, Black Victorians/Black Victoriana (Rutgers, 2003) for Victorian Studies 46.4 (Summer 2004): 696-697.
» David Arnold, Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India The New Cambridge of History of India, Volume III, Part 5 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000) for Journal of Science, Technology and Society (forthcoming).
» Stuart Ward, editor, British Culture and the end of empire (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001) for Albion, 35, 3 (Fall 2003): 547-548.
» MacLeod, Roy, editor, Nature and Empire: Science and the Colonial Enterprise (New York: Osiris, Volume 15) for Bulletin of the Pacific Circle, No. 9 (October 2002): 21-24.
» D.George Boyce, Decolonisation and the British Empire (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1999) for Albion, 32, 4 (Winter, 2000): 715-716.
» Mrinalini Sinha, Colonial Masculinity (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995) for The American Historical Review, Vol. 105, No. 3 (June 2000): 909-910.
» W.F. Bynum and Caroline Overy, editors, The Beast in the Mosquito: the Correspondence of Ronald Ross and Patrick Manson, (Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1998) for Medical History, 44, January 2000: 12-13.
» Neil Parsons, King Khama, Emperor Joe and the Great White Queen, Victorian Britain through African Eyes. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.) Albion, Vol 31, No. 2 (1999): 371-2.
» Philip D. Curtin. Death by Migration. Europe's Encounter with the Tropical World in the Nineteenth Century. New West Indian Guide*Nieuwe West-Indische Gids. Vol. 67, No. 1 & 2 (1993): 112-113.
» David McBride. Integrating the City of Medicine: Blacks in Philadelphia Health Care, 1910-1965. (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989) and Darlene Clark Hine. Black Women in White: Racial Conflict and Cooperation in the Nursing Profession, 1890-1950 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989). Journal for the Social History of Medicine, 4 (1990): 101-102.