日本語2B ディベート (メディア)

2014年2月26日(水)

ディベートのやりかた:

1. You will take a certain position on the given topics below and argue for your position against a group of opponents.
2. You will sign up for which topic of the two you want to debate one week before the debate.
3. On the day of the debate, you should be able to choose a 'pro' or 'con' position. However, each group needs to be even in number. Therefore, you might not be able to argue for the side that you prefer.
4. To make your arguments strong, it is recommended that you prepare for both sides of the arguments.
5. Each debate will last approximately 15 minutes.
6. You may use a notecard (one side only) to jot down your thoughts, but not allowed to read off the card.
7. Every student will be graded separately, and your grade will be based on the number of times you speak, as well as the quality of your statements (Content including Coherency with Others and Critical Thinking of the issues, Accuracy including Grammar and Pronunciation, and Variety of Vocabulary & Expressions).
8. If you are absent on the day of performance, there is absolutely no possibility of a make-up.

Expressions that can be used:
--Express your opinion with reasons, using the following pattern.
 e.g. 私は、田中さんは〜たほうがいいと思います。それは、(reason) からです。
--Listen to your classmates' opinions and give them either a counter or additional opinion.
When you want to speak against a stated opinion: でも、〜。それはそうですが、〜。
When you want to add to a stated opinion: それに、〜。そして、〜。それから、〜。

Debate Topic 1: テレビのいい点、悪い点は何か。The pros and cons of watching TV.

田中けんじさんは、むすこのけいたくんとテレビのことでけんかしている*。けんじさんは、テレビをけいたくんに見せないようにしている。その理由(りゆう:reason)は色々あるが、たとえば、テレビ番組(ばんぐみ:program)は暴力(ぼうりょく:violence)シーンやセックスシーンが多すぎるからだ。
Kenji Tanaka and his son, Keeta, have been having arguments on the issue of watching TV*. Kenji doesn't allow Keeta to watch TV at all in the home. The reason for this is that, for example, there is too much violence and sex shown on TV.
*The definition of TV(テレビ)can be expanded to mean "TV as seen through the internet" as well.

しかし、けいたくんはお父さんがテレビを見させてくれないが、テレビにも、いい点があると言っている。それは、テレビのドラマや番組(ばんぐみ:program)はおもしろいので、クラスメートと話題(わだい:topic)が多くなっていいなどだ。
Keeta isn't allowed to watch TV by his father, but he has some good things to say about TV. For example, the drama series' and programs are interesting and by watching them, he gets more chances to join in conversations with his classmates, which he likes.

あなたはお父さん(けんじ)に賛成(さんせい:agree)か、むすこさん(けいた)に賛成(さんせい:agree)か?
Do you agree with the father (Kenji) or the son (Keeta)??

Debate Topic 2: インターネット(マイ・スペースやフェイス・ブック)の使用(しよう:use)。The use of the Internet (MySpace, FaceBook, etc.).

  山口さんはルームメートの鈴木(すずき)さんとインターネットのことで、意見(いけん:opinion)が違う。山口さんはマイ・スペースやフェイス・ブックは友達を作りやすいので、人にすすめた(recommend)方がいいと言う。しかし、鈴木(すずき)さんは友達を作るなら、直接(ちょくせつ:directly)、人に会って話をする方が、その人のことがよく分かるのでいいと言う。
Yamaguchi and his roommate, Suzuki, have differing opinions when it comes to the Internet. Yamaguchi says that MySpace and FaceBook make it easy to make friends, so he feels that it's a good idea to recommend it to others. However, Suzuki says that you really get to know someone by meeting them directly face-to-face.

 あなたは山口さんに賛成(さんせい:agree)か、鈴木(すずき)さんに賛成(さんせい:agree)か?
Do you agree with Yamaguchi or Suzuki?

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PRACTICE Debate Topic 1: Your whole family has just participated in a weekend "media challenge," in which no one in the family was allowed to use the computer, text anyone, watch TV, use their ipod, or read a newspaper or magazine. The only thing that was allowed was to listen to the radio (music, news, etc.). The father and mother thought that this was a great idea and would like to continue with a similar policy for future weekends; but the children of the household, who range in age from elementary-to -college age, thought it was a nightmare and are totally opposed. Who do you agree with and why? Could a compromise be reached?

PRACTICE Debate Topic 2: You and your room-mate are college students who disagree on the use of devices in the dorm room you share and in the college classroom in general:
You own a cell phone but don't text-message; your roommate also owns a cell phone but text-messages, even during lectures.
You can't afford an ipod; your roommate owns one and listens to it even during lectures and while doing homework.
You prefer to send cards through the mail; your roommate only sends e-cards.
You prefer to see a movie in a theater; your roommate only watches movies on the computer.
Take the side of one of the roommates and argue their case.