Review of Grammar Points-日本語2A

窓を閉める…………………… I close the window. (Vt.)

窓が閉まる…………………… The window closes. (Vi.)

窓が閉まっています………… The window is closed. (automatic/natural)

窓が/を閉めてあります…… The window was closed (by someone) and is still closed.

窓の閉め方…………………… how to close a window

窓を閉めてもいいですか…… May I close the window?

窓を閉めないでください……Don't close the window, please.

窓を閉めるところです………I'm about to close the window.

窓を閉めているところです…I'm just/in the midst of closing the window.

窓を閉めたところです………I've just closed the window.

窓をしめようとしています…I am trying to close the window.

窓をしめようとしました…… I tried to close the window (but ---).

窓を/はしめなければいけません……I have to close the window.

窓を閉めた方がいいです……. You'd better/You'd be smart to close the window.

窓を/は閉めない方がいいです..It'd be better if you didn't close the window.
                                                        …We'd better not close the window.

窓を/は閉めてはいけません…You're not allowed to shut the window. (prohibition)

窓を/は閉めなくてもいいです..You don't have to/It's not necessary to close the
          window.

窓を閉めておきます…………I close the window (for some future purpose/in advance).

窓を閉めてあげます…………I close the window (for you). (doing you a favor)

窓を閉めてもらいます………I have you close the window (for me). (receiving a favor from you)