Sara Mellors, PhD candidate in History, on Birth Control in the Early People's Republic of China, 1949-1958
Department: Humanities CommonsDate and Time: January 24, 2018 | 4:00 PM-5:30 PM
Event Location: Humanities Gateway 1010
Sarah Mellors, PhD Candidate in History, UCI School of Humanities and Winner of the 2017 Medical Humanities Graduate Student Essay Prize, will present her work as part of the UCI Medical Humanities Initiative Works-in-Progress Series
"Less Reproduction, More Production: Birth Control in the Early People’s Republic of China, 1949-1958"
In the early years of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Chinese Communist Party banned all birth control medicines and devices, sterilization surgeries, and abortions. However, over the next three decades the Party gradually reversed this ban and moved to aggressive birth prevention. Much has been written about population policies in China since the 1979 enactment of the One-Child Policy, but few scholars have approached this topic from a historical and ethnographic perspective. This presentation, based on a dissertation chapter, uses interviews and archival research to explore experiences with contraception in China from the founding of the PRC in October 1949 until 1958. We will survey the types of birth control techniques urban Chinese were using in the 1950s, investigate how high-level policy changes in the early years of the PRC informed individual experiences with contraception, and identify the circumstances in which individuals typically practiced family planning. In so doing, this project complicates the scholarly claim that China’s population expanded rapidly in the 1950s because couples were not practicing family planning.